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Title: Grammaticalization of copula - process and tendency
Other Titles: 系词的语法化过程与趋势
Authors: Shi, DX 
Han, WF
Keywords: Copula
Linguistic universal
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: 延边大学出版社
Source: 汉语学习 (Chinese language learning), 2013, no. 5, p. 3-12 How to cite?
Journal: 汉语学习 (Chinese language learning) 
Abstract: 本文以汉语"是"为例,通过跨语言对 比,详细考察了系词的语法化路径。研究发现,相应语法化过程由形容词性用法开始,经过动词、代词等用法过渡到语义为空但功能却更为专有的系词。之后,系词 再进一步语法化为一个焦点标记,从而替代了语序焦点的表达法。根据相关历史与方言的语料,本文提出系词有进一步语法化为主题标记的趋势。相应的一系列语法 化过程遵循了语法化诸原则。并且当代类型学研究表明,系词的各语法化阶段和趋势具有跨语言的普遍特征。 
This paper takes a close look at the grammaticalization of copula across languages,with a focus on"shi"in Chinese.The grammaticalization cline of copula is depicted as starting from the adjectival,through verbal and pronominal uses,to the copular use,which finally developed itself into a focus marker.Based on historical and dialectal evidence,it is pointed out that "shi"has a tendency to grammaticalize itself into a topic marker.All the stages involved follow the principles of grammaticalization put forward by Hopper(1991,1996).Related typological studies also prove the cline a universal path. 
ISSN: 1003-7365
Rights: © 2013 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. It is to be used strictly for educational and research use.
© 2013 中国学术期刊电子杂志出版社。本内容的使用仅限于教育、科研之目的。
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