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Title: Process control of charging and discharging of magnetically suspended flywheel energy storage system
Authors: Xiang, B
Wang, X
Wong, WO 
Issue Date: Mar-2022
Source: Journal of energy storage, Mar. 2022, v. 47, 103629
Abstract: Flywheel energy storage system (FESS) is an energy conversion device designed for energy transmission between mechanical energy and electrical energy. There are high requirements on the power capacity, the charging efficiency and the output precision of FESS. Active magnetic bearings are used to suspend the flywheel (FW) rotor of the FESS in air to eliminate friction. A high rotating speed of the flywheel can increase the power capacity but it also increases the disturbance load torque on the FW rotor. An observation control model of load torque is therefore proposed to mitigate the disturbance load torque acting on magnetically suspended FESS (MS-FESS) during the charging process. Moreover, for the discharging process of MS-FESS, a compound control model combing the sliding model control and the extend state observer is proposed to improve the response speed and the output voltage precision. Simulations and experiments are conducted to testify the control performances of proposed control models during the charging and discharging processes of a MS-FESS. The charging efficiency is improved by 17.6% with 46.6% reduction of the output voltage error after using the proposed control models for the charging and discharging process control. The proposed control method has high potential to be applied for process control of charging and discharging of practical MS-FESS.
Keywords: Charging process
Compound control
Discharging process
Flywheel energy storage system
Observation control model
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Journal of energy storage 
ISSN: 2352-152X
EISSN: 2352-1538
DOI: 10.1016/j.est.2021.103629
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
© 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
The following publication Xiang, B., Wang, X., & Wong, W. O. (2022). Process control of charging and discharging of magnetically suspended flywheel energy storage system. Journal of Energy Storage, 47, 103629 is available at
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