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Title: Impact of self-directed learning and educational technology readiness on synchronous e-learning
Authors: Chau, KY
Law, KMY
Tang, YM 
Issue Date: Nov-2021
Source: Journal of organizational and end user computing, Nov.-Dec. 2021, v. 33, no. 6, 26
Abstract: The coronavirus (COVID-19) has had severe global impacts in many aspects of education. Asian countries and regions have been the first responders to move entirely online since the epidemic started. The aim of this paper is two-folded. First, this study investigates the correlations in order to understand the compounded effects on presences in the participating synchronous learning environments. Second, this paper provide empirical evidence and insights for educators on the future trends of learning and instructional strategy in online teaching. This study investigated students’ perception of synchronous e-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic for the better design of the e-learning teaching pedagogy and determines how the key factors of e-learning perception are inter-correlated enabling educators to focus on. The study has important implications that student readiness in educational technology is critical to assist the recent practice in implementing online learning.
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic,
Self-directed learning
Students’ perception
Synchronous learning
Synchronous learning
Publisher: IGI Global
Journal: Journal of organizational and end user computing 
ISSN: 1546-2234
EISSN: 1546-5012
DOI: 10.4018/JOEUC.20211101.oa26
Rights: This article published as an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and production in any medium, provided the author of the original work and original publication source are properly credited.
The following publication Chau, K. Y., Law, K. M., & Tang, Y. M. (2021). Impact of self-directed learning and educational technology readiness on synchronous E-learning. Journal of Organizational and End User Computing (JOEUC), 33(6), 1-20 is available at
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