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Title: Novel flexible PVDF-TrFE and PVDF-TrFE/ZnO pressure sensor : fabrication, characterization and investigation
Authors: Liu, M 
Liu, Y 
Zhou, L
Issue Date: Jun-2021
Source: Micromachines, June 2021, v. 12, no. 6, 602
Abstract: With the development of human healthcare devices, smart sensors, e-skins, and pressure sensors with outstanding sensitivity, flexibility, durability and biocompatibility have attracted more and more attention. In this paper, to develop a novel flexible pressure sensor with high sensitivity, different poly (vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) (PVDF-TrFE)-based composite membranes were fabricated, characterized and tested. To improve the β-phase crystallinity and piezoelectricity of the membranes, and for the purpose of comparison, nano ZnO particles with different concentrations (99:1, 9:1 in a weight ratio of PVDF-TrFE to ZnO) were, respectively added into PVDF-TrFE polymer acting as a nucleating agent and dielectric material. To facilitate the formation of β-phase crystal, the membranes were fabricated by electrospinning method. After the electrospinning, an annealing process was conducted to the fabricated membranes to increase the size and content of β-phase crystal. Then, the fabricated PVDF-TrFE membranes, acting as the core sensing layer, were, respectively built into multiple prototype sensors in a sandwich structure. The sensitivity of the prototype sensors was tested by an auto-clicker. The stimulation of the auto-clicker on the prototype sensors generated electrical signals, and the electrical signals were collected by a self-built testing platform powered by LabVIEW. As a result, combining the addition of ZnO nanofillers and the annealing process, a highly sensitive pressure sensor was fabricated. The optimal peak-to-peak voltage response generated from the prototype sensor was 1.788 V which shows a 75% increase compared to that of the pristine PVDF-TrFE sensor. Furthermore, a human pulse waveform was captured by a prototype sensor which exhibits tremendous prospects for application in healthcare devices.
Keywords: Human pulsation sensor
Β phase crystal
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: Micromachines 
EISSN: 2072-666X
DOI: 10.3390/mi12060602
Rights: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).
The following publication Liu, M.; Liu, Y.; Zhou, L. Novel Flexible PVDF-TrFE and PVDF-TrFE/ZnO Pressure Sensor: Fabrication, Characterization and Investigation. Micromachines 2021, 12, 602 is available at
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