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Title: Double contradiction of schooling : classreproduction and working-class agency at vocational schools in China
Authors: Pun, N
Koo, A 
Issue Date: 2019
Source: British journal of sociology of education, 2019, v. 40, no. 1, p. 50-64
Abstract: Situating in the different social, political and cultural contexts of schooling in China, which is more embedded in mixed neoliberal value, authoritarian state control and collective morality, we use a somewhat different theoretical angle to understand the process of ‘learning to labour’ and the reproduction of working class at school and at work. Our study extends the horizon of Willis’ analysis of cultural reproduction at school by seriously analysing students’ work experiences through their internship at the site of production. Taking a sociological rather than cultural analysis approach, we re-conceptualize working-class agency embedded in a double contradiction of schooling as a site of contestation. This double contradiction is generated by conflicting experiences caused by inevitable conflicts among the three spheres of material production, social reproduction and cultural reproduction in educating ideal labour subjects to serve the state, market and family, providing fertile soil for re-negotiating working-class solidarity.
Keywords: China
Cultural reproduction
Social reproduction
Vocational school
Working-class culture
Publisher: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Journal: British journal of sociology of education 
ISSN: 0142-5692
EISSN: 1465-3346
DOI: 10.1080/01425692.2018.1507818
Rights: © 2018 Informa UK Limited, Trading as Taylor & Francis Group
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in British Journal of Sociology of Education on 16 Nov 2018 (Published online), available online:
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