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Title: Diners’ responses to talent vs. effort of restaurant employees
Authors: Hwang, Y 
Shin, J
Issue Date: Jul-2021
Source: International journal of hospitality management, July 2021, v. 96, 102958
Abstract: When presenting employees’ laudable performance, shall restaurant managers emphasize effort or talent of their employees as the source of such performance? This study is proposed to answer this question. We suggest that diners’ responses to employees’ effort vs. talent hinge on diners’ need to belong and restaurant type. Study 1 shows that diners’ need to belong moderates their responses to effort- vs. talent-focused messages. Study 2 finds that restaurant type (casual vs. fine dining) moderates diners’ responses to effort- vs. talent-focused messages. Diners’ perceptions of fit with employees (Study 1) and persuasiveness of a message (Study 2) are mechanisms underlying the proposed moderating effects. Restaurant managers may benefit from tailoring their messages conveying employee performance on the basis of diners’ need to belong and restaurant type.
Keywords: Message persuasiveness
Need to belong
Perceived fit
Restaurant marketing
Social identity
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Journal: International journal of hospitality management 
ISSN: 0278-4319
EISSN: 1873-4693
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhm.2021.102958
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

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