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Title: Reliability and validity of the telephone version of the Cantonese Mini-mental State Examination (T-CMMSE) when used with elderly patients with and without dementia in Hong Kong
Authors: Wong, SS
Fong, NKK 
Issue Date: Apr-2009
Source: International Psychogeriatrics, Apr. 2009, v. 21, no. 2, p. 345-353
Abstract: Background: The objectives of this study were to examine the reliability and validity of a 26-point telephone version of the Cantonese Mini-mental State Examination (T-CMMSE) for a sample of 65 elderly patients, comprising 31 patients without dementia and 34 patients with dementia, in an acute regional hospital in Hong Kong, and to identify an optimal cut-off score to discriminate between those patients with dementia and those without.
Methods: Participants were rated by using the face-to-face Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) before inpatient discharge and the T-CMMSE after inpatient discharge, and were rated separately by two raters in two telephone follow-up sessions using the T-CMMSE.
Results: The results of the study indicated that the scale had excellent inter-and intra-rater reliabilities. There was substantial agreement between the two versions of the examination (κ > 0.6–0.8 ≤) for orientation, registration, and recall items. An optimal cut-off score of ≤ 16 was suggested for the T-CMMSE to discriminate between those with and without dementia.
Conclusion: The T-CMMSE can be used in telephone follow-ups as an alternative to the conventional face-to-face version.
Keywords: CMMSE
Telephone CMMSE
Dementia
Telephone follow-up
Publisher: Cambridge University Press published on behalf of the International Psychogeriatric Association
Journal: International Psychogeriatrics 
ISSN: 1041-6102
DOI: 10.1017/S1041610209008588
Rights: © 2009 International Psychogeriatric Association
The following article "Shui Sang Wong and Kenneth Nai Kuen Fong (2009). Reliability and validity of the telephone version of the Cantonese Mini-mental State Examination (T-CMMSE) when used with elderly patients with and without dementia in Hong Kong. International Psychogeriatrics, 21(2), pp 345-353. doi:10.1017/S1041610209008588." is available at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=5000380
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