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Title: Shaolin dan tian breathing fosters relaxed and attentive mind: a randomized controlled neuro-electrophysiological study
Authors: Chan, AS
Cheung, MC
Sze, SL
Leung, WWM
Shi, D
Issue Date: 2011
Source: Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine, 2011, v. 2011, 180704, p. 1-11
Abstract: Neuro-electrophysiological studies on meditative breathing revealed its association with either a relaxed or an attentive state. The present study aimed to investigate whether the Shaolin Dan Tian Breathing (DTB) technique, which consists of the Passive and Active subtypes and can be considered as a relaxation exercise and Qigong, would induce both relaxed and attentive states. Twenty-two adults and 22 age-, gender- and education-matched controls received training on the Shaolin DTB (experimental group) and the progressive muscle relaxation respectively for one month. Eyes-closed resting EEG data before and immediately after each type of breathing were obtained individually at baseline and after one-month training. At baseline, the EEG changes after the Shaolin DTB between both groups were comparable. After one-month training, participants in the experimental, but not the control, group showed enhanced temporal alpha asymmetry (an index of relaxation and positive mood) after performing the Passive DTB for five minutes, and enhanced intra- and inter-hemispheric theta coherence (an index of attention and alertness) after performing the Active DTB. The present findings suggested a positive effect of the Shaolin DTB technique on enhancing human neural activity and connectivity, which may possibly enhance mood state and cognitive functions.
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Journal: Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine 
ISSN: 1741-427X
EISSN: 1741-4288
DOI: 10.1155/2011/180704
Rights: Copyright © 2010 Agnes S. Chan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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