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Title: Positive youth development : current perspectives
Authors: Shek, DTL 
Dou, D 
Zhu, X 
Chai, W 
Keywords: PYD
Strength-based perspective
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
Source: Adolescent health medicine and therapeutics, 2019, v. 10, p. 131-141 How to cite?
Journal: Adolescent health medicine and therapeutics 
Abstract: This review outlines the current perspectives on positive youth development (PYD). Besides presenting the diverse theoretical roots contributing to PYD approaches, this review also introduces several PYD perspectives, including Benson's 40 developmental assets, Lerner's 5Cs and 6Cs conceptions, Catalano's 15 PYD constructs, social-emotional learning (SEL) and the "being" perspective (character and spirituality). A comparison of the different PYD models in terms of theoretical orientation, the role of community, spirituality, character/morality, thriving, "being" versus "doing" and origin is also presented. The review suggests three future research directions, including the development of spirituality and character approaches to PYD, differentiating the role of "being" versus "doing" in PYD and construction of PYD models as well as conducting related research in non-Western contexts.
EISSN: 1179-318X
DOI: 10.2147/AHMT.S179946
Rights: © 2019 Shek et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms (
The following publication Shek, D. T. L., Dou, D. Y., Zhu, X. Q., & Chai, W. Y. (2019). Positive youth development : current perspectives. Adolescent Health Medicine and Therapeutics, 10, 131-141 is available at
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