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Title: Dating a synthetic character is like dating a man
Authors: Hoorn, JF 
Konijn, EA
Pontier, MA
Keywords: Cognitive models
Social agents
Affective computing
Turing test
Bayesian analysis
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Springer
Source: International journal of social robotics, Apr. 2019, v. 11, no. 2, p. 235-253 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of social robotics 
Abstract: To evaluate our emotionally intelligent software, we put a virtual human capable of speech and facial expressions to an updated and enriched version of the traditional Turing test. In a speed-date with 54 young females, either our software or human confederates controlled the simulation of the virtual human's affective performance. Results were obtained with frequentist analysis and Bayesian structural equation modeling. Indeed, participants did not detect differences and observed similarity in the emotional behavior of the virtual human and in the way it assumingly perceived them. Additionally, participants did not recognize different but similar cognitive-affective structures between humans and our system. As is, designers may use our software for believable affective virtual humans or robots. Moreover, as far as the richness of interaction possibilities in the speed-dating session allowed, our software seems to reproduce human cognitive-affective structures.
ISSN: 1875-4791
EISSN: 1875-4805
DOI: 10.1007/s12369-018-0496-1
Rights: © The Author(s) 2018
Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the CreativeCommons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate creditto the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the CreativeCommons license, and indicate if changes were made.
The following publication Hoorn, J. F., Konijn, E. A., & Pontier, M. A. (2019). Dating a synthetic character is like dating a man. International journal of social robotics, 11(2), 235-253 is available at
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