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Title: Exploring personal factors that might influence the vulnerability of construction employees to occupational psychological disorders
Authors: Fordjour, GA 
Chan, APC 
Amoah, P
Keywords: Occupational psychology
Psychological disorders
Personal factors
Construction employees
Ghanaian construction
Issue Date: May-2019
Publisher: Scientific Research
Source: Health, May 2019, v. 11, no. 5, p. 546-566 How to cite?
Journal: Health 
Abstract: Personal factors could act as intervening variables between the causes and effects of psychological health conditions of employees. This study focused on six personal intervening factors that were associated with the risks of occupational psychological disorders namely: low self-esteem, negative personality trait, unproductive core beliefs, poor self-concept evaluation on performance, poor relationship with others and poor time management skills. An investigation on the level of severity of these personal intervening factors was conducted involving 150 construction professionals and 150 construction trade workers, who were purposively selected in Ghana. The personal factors that were found to be prevalent among the construction employees were low self-esteem and poor time management skills. Correlation analysis and regression analysis were used to determine the relationships between the personal intervening factors and demographic factors such as the age, educational levels and marital status of the research participants. The results of the study indicated that the age and marital status of the respondents had no significant relationship with any of the personal intervening factors. Personal factors such as personality trait and relationship with others also had no relation with any of the demographic factors analyzed. The educational level of the respondents, however, had a significant relationship with the factors of self-esteem, productive core beliefs, self-evaluation on performance and time management skills. An independent two-sample T-test was used to compare the means of the factors with significant relations. This study revealed that construction employees who were highly educated had better self-esteem and time management skills than those who were less educated. The findings from this study broaden the view of moderators on influential sources of psychological health conditions of employees.
ISSN: 1949-4998
EISSN: 1949-5005
DOI: 10.4236/health.2019.115047
Rights: Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0).
The following publication Fordjour, G.A., Chan, A.P.C., & Amoah, P. (2019). Exploring personal factors that might influence the vulnerability of construction employees to occupational psychological disorders. Health, 11 (5), 546-566 is available at
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