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Title: Numerical simulation of nanofluid flow inside a root canal
Authors: Ghalandari, M
Koohshahi, EM
Mohamadian, F
Shannshirband, S
Chau, KW 
Keywords: Computation fluid dynamic (CFD)
Root canal
Dynamic viscosity
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Source: Engineering applications of computational fluid mechanics, 1 Jan. 2019, v. 13, no. 1, p. 254-264 How to cite?
Journal: Engineering applications of computational fluid mechanics 
Abstract: Silver nano particles have antimicrobial property which makes them appropriate for disinfection. Due to their antimicrobial feature, these particles are applicable for root canal irrigation. Fluid flow inside root canal and its appropriate circulation results in more efficient removal of microorganisms. Due to the very small dimensions of a root canal, performing experimental research is very difficult to identify the phenomena occurring in the root canal; therefore, numerical investigation will be very helpful to gain appropriate insight into the flow features of a root canal during irrigation for disinfection. Computation Fluid Dynamic (CFD) can be employed to numerically simulate the flow of irrigants inside the root canal. In the present study, the flow of Ag/water nanofluid in the root canal is numerically modeled. In order to evaluate the impact of height of injection and nanofluid concentration, two heights and concentrations are considered and compared. According to the results, lower injection height is more favorable due to better circulation of an irrigant in the root canal. Moreover, increase in the concentration of the nanofluid leads to reduction in maximum velocity of the fluid; which is attributed to higher increase in dynamic viscosity in comparison with the density. Velocity and wall shear stress contours in various cases are represented to gain better insight into the irrigant motion inside the canal. According to the results of simulation, wall shear stress of the root canal increases by increment in the concentration of the nanofluid and volumetric flow rate of the irrigants.
ISSN: 1994-2060
EISSN: 1997-003X
DOI: 10.1080/19942060.2019.1578696
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following publication Mohammad Ghalandari, Elaheh Mirzadeh Koohshahi, Fatemeh Mohamadian,Shahabbodin Shamshirband & Kwok Wing Chau (2019) Numerical simulation of nanofluid flowinside a root canal, Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, 13:1, 254-264 is available at
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