Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/80632
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dc.contributor.authorLi, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorYip, Jen_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-23T08:16:38Z-
dc.date.available2019-04-23T08:16:38Z-
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.identifier.citationPolymers, 2019, v. 11, no. 1, 91en_US
dc.identifier.issn2073-4360en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10397/80632-
dc.description.abstractIonic polymer metal composites (IPMCs) with various thicknesses of 1, 2, 4, and 6 nafion films (denoted as 1-film, 2-film, 4-film and 6-film, respectively) are fabricated, and their characterization and actuation performances are then investigated. The effects of the thickness of the IPMCs on their morphology, surface resistance, and water uptake capability are studied. Their actuation performances are further evaluated by examining the tip force and displacement in terms of the length and the thickness of the IPMCs, under a direct current (DC) power of 3.0 or 4.5 V. In comparison with the 1-film, the 2-film shows a six-fold increase in the maximum tip force, but the response time increases from 2 to 9 s. The 4-film doubles the maximum tip force of the 2-film at 21 s. On the other hand, a reduction of the length of the IPMC from 30 to 15 mm also results in a double-maximum tip force, but this never increases the response time. Repeated actuations of the IPMCs with various thicknesses are performed by three actuation methods of no treatment, treatment in deionized water, and treatment in a NaCl solution. The relationships between the repeated actuation methods and actuations of the IPMCs with various thicknesses are also investigated.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipInstitute of Textiles and Clothingen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMolecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofPolymersen_US
dc.rights© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).en_US
dc.rightsThe following publication Li S, Yip J. Characterization and Actuation of Ionic Polymer Metal Composites with Various Thicknesses and Lengths. Polymers. 2019; 11(1):91 is available at https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11010091en_US
dc.subjectActuationen_US
dc.subjectIPMCen_US
dc.subjectLengthen_US
dc.subjectRepeated actuationsen_US
dc.subjectThicknessen_US
dc.titleCharacterization and actuation of ionic polymer metal composites with various thicknesses and lengthsen_US
dc.typeJournal/Magazine Articleen_US
dc.identifier.volume11en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/polym11010091en_US
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85059639001-
dc.identifier.artn91en_US
dc.description.validate201904 bcmaen_US
dc.description.oapublished_finalen_US
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article
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