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Title: Ablation of bax and bak protects skeletal muscle against pressure-induced injury
Authors: Tam, BT 
Yu, AP
Tam, EW 
Monks, DA
Wang, XP 
Pei, XM 
Koh, SP 
Sin, TK 
Law, HKW 
Ugwu, FN 
Supriya, R 
Yung, BY 
Yip, SP 
Wong, SC 
Chan, LW 
Lai, CW 
Ouyang, P
Siu, PM
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Source: Scientific reports, 2018, v. 8, no. 1, 3689 How to cite?
Journal: Scientific reports 
Abstract: Pressure-induced injury (PI), such as a pressure ulcer, in patients with limited mobility is a healthcare issue worldwide. PI is an injury to skin and its underlying tissue such as skeletal muscle. Muscle compression, composed of mechanical deformation of muscle and external load, leads to localized ischemia and subsequent unloading reperfusion and, hence, a pressure ulcer in bed-bound patients. Although the gross factors involved in PI have been identified, little is known about the exact disease mechanism or its links to apoptosis, autophagy and inflammation. Here, we report that PI is mediated by intrinsic apoptosis and exacerbated by autophagy. Conditional ablation of Bax and Bak activates the Akt-mTOR pathway and Bnip3-mediated mitophagy and preserves mitochondrial contents in compressed muscle. Moreover, we find that the presence/absence of Bax and Bak alters the roles and functions of autophagy in PI. Our results suggest that manipulating apoptosis and autophagy are potential therapeutic targets for treatment and prevention of PI.
EISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-21853-5
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