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Title: Characteristics of biomass burning emission sources, transport, and chemical speciation in enhanced springtime tropospheric ozone profile over Hong Kong  
Authors: Chan, CY
Chan, LY
Harris, JM
Oltmans, SJ
Blake, DR
Qin, Y
Zheng, YG
Zheng, XD
Keywords: Tropospheric zone
Biomass burning emissions
Pollutant transport
Issue Date: Jan-2003
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: Journal of geophysical research. Atmospheres, Jan. 2003, v. 108, no. D1, 4015, p. ACH 3-1 - ACH 3-13 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of geophysical research. Atmospheres 
Abstract: Tropospheric ozone (O₃) enhancements have been continuously observed over Hong Kong. We studied the O₃ enhancement events and assessed their relation to the springtime O₃ maximum in the lower troposphere over Hong Kong using a 6-year (1993 to 1999) ozonesonde data set. We identified the source regions of biomass burning emission, and established the chemical and transport characteristics Of O₃-rich air masses in the enhanced O₃ profiles using satellite imagery, air trajectory and trace gas data measured on board the DC-8 aircraft during the PEM-West-B experiment. We identified a total of 39 O₃ enhancement events, among which 35 events (90%) occurred from late February to May and 30 events (77%) had O₃ enhancement within the 2.0-6.0 km altitude. The excess O₃ in the O₃-rich layers adds an additional 12% Of O₃ into the tropospheric O₃ column and results in an overall springtime O₃ maximum in the lower troposphere. Forward trajectory analysis suggests that the O₃-rich air masses over Hong Kong can reach central Pacific and the western coast of North America within 10 days. Back air trajectories show that the O₃-rich air masses in the enhanced profiles pass over the Southeast (SE) Asia subcontinent, where active biomass burning occurs in the O₃ enhancement period. We identified the Indo-Burma region containing Burma, Laos and northern Thailand, and the Indian-Nepal region containing northern India and Nepal as the two most active regions of biomass burning emissions in the SE Asia subcontinent. Ozone and trace gas measurement on board the DC-8 aircraft revealed that O₃-rich air masses are found over many parts of the tropical SE Asia and subtropical western Pacific regions and they have similar chemical characteristics. The accompanying trace gas measurements suggest that the O₃-rich air masses are rich in biomass burning tracer, CH₃C1, but not the general urban emission tracers. We thus believe that the springtime O₃ enhancement over Hong Kong is as a result of transport of photochemical O₃ produced from biomass burning emissions from the upwind SE Asian continent. The large-scale enhancements Of O₃ in tropical SE Asia and the subtropical western Pacific rim that result from SE Asian biomass burning activities such as presented here thus are of atmospheric importance and deserve further research efforts.
ISSN: 2169-897X
EISSN: 2169-8996
DOI: 10.1029/2001JD001555
Rights: Copyright 2003 by the American Geophysical Union.
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