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Title: A New Geostatistical Solution to Remote Sensing Image Downscaling
Authors: Wang, Q
Shi, W 
Atkinson, PM
Pardo-Igúzquiza, E
Keywords: Area-to-point regression kriging (ATPRK)
Image fusion
Landsat enhanced thematic mapper
Moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS)
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Source: IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing, 2016, v. 54, no. 1, 7181666, p. 386-396 How to cite?
Journal: IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing 
Abstract: The availability of the panchromatic (PAN) band in remote sensing images gives birth to so-called image fusion techniques for increasing the spatial resolution of images to that of the PAN band. The spatial resolution of such spatially sharpened images, such as for the MODIS and Landsat sensors, however, may not be sufficient to provide the required detailed land-cover/land-use information. This paper proposes an area-to-point regression kriging (ATPRK)-based geostatistical solution to increase the spatial resolution of remote sensing images beyond that of any input images, including the PAN band. The new approach is a two-stage approach, including covariate downscaling and ATPRK-based image fusion. The new approach treats the PAN band as the covariate and takes advantages of its textural information. It explicitly accounts for the size of support, spatial correlation, and the point spread function of the sensor and has the characteristic of perfect coherence with the original coarse data. Moreover, the new downscaling approach can be extended readily by incorporating other ancillary information. The proposed approach was examined using both Landsat and MODIS images. The results show that it can produce more accurate sharpened images than four benchmark approaches.
ISSN: 0196-2892 (print)
1558-0644 (online)
DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2015.2457672
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