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Title: Refractive indices and linear electro-optic properties of (1-x)Pb(Mg[sub ⅓]Nb[sub ⅔])O₃-xPbTiO₃ single crystals
Authors: Wan, X
Luo, H
Zhao, X
Wang, D
Chan, HLW 
Choy, CL
Keywords: Lead compounds
Relaxor ferroelectrics
Refractive index
Electro-optical effects
Crystal orientation
Dielectric polarisation
Ferroelectric transitions
Issue Date: 29-Nov-2004
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Source: Applied physics letters, 29 Nov. 2004, v. 85, no. 22, p.5233-5235 How to cite?
Journal: Applied physics letters 
Abstract: The refractive indices and linear electro-optic (EO) properties of (1−x)Pb(Mg[sub ⅓]Nb[sub ⅔])O₃ −xPbTiO₃ single crystals were investigated over a broad composition range. The orientation and temperature effect on the EO coefficients were also examined. Large EO coefficients r[sub c] were observed near the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB). More importantly, r[sub c] of the single crystals on the tetragonal side of the MPB were nearly invariant in the experimental temperature range of 20-80°C. The calculated half-wave voltage Vπ was much lower than that of widely used EO single crystal LiNbO₃. These excellent EO properties as well as being able to produce large-size and high-quality single crystals make this kind of single crystal very promising for EO modulation applications. The observed EO properties were also analyzed with the spontaneous polarization and dielectric constants.
ISSN: 0003-6951
Rights: © 2004 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in X. Wan et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5233 (2004) and may be found at
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