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Title: Fiber-based wearable electronics : a review of materials, fabrication, devices, and applications
Authors: Zeng, W
Shu, L
Li, Q
Chen, S
Wang, F
Tao, XM 
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Source: Advanced materials, 2014, v. 26, no. 31, p. 5310-5336 How to cite?
Journal: Advanced materials 
Abstract: Fiber-based structures are highly desirable for wearable electronics that are expected to be light-weight, long-lasting, fl exible, and conformable. Many fi brous structures have been manufactured by well-established lost-effective textile processing technologies, normally at ambient conditions. The advancement of nanotechnology has made it feasible to build electronic devices directly on the surface or inside of single fi bers, which have typical thickness of several to tens microns. However, imparting electronic functions to porous, highly deformable and three-dimensional fi ber assemblies and maintaining them during wear represent great challenges from both views of fundamental understanding and practical implementation. This article attempts to critically review the current state-of-arts with respect to materials, fabrication techniques, and structural design of devices as well as applications of the fi ber-based wearable electronic products. In addition, this review elaborates the performance requirements of the fi ber-based wearable electronic products, especially regarding the correlation among materials, fi ber/textile structures and electronic as well as mechanical functionalities of fi ber-based electronic devices. Finally, discussions will be presented regarding to limitations of current materials, fabrication techniques, devices concerning manufacturability and performance as well as scientifi c understanding that must be improved prior to their wide adoption.
ISSN: 0935-9648
EISSN: 1521-4095
DOI: 10.1002/adma.201400633
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