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Title: Offline victimization, psychological morbidity, and problematic online behavior among Chinese secondary school students
Authors: Li, X 
Shek, DTL 
Shek, EYW 
Issue Date: Sep-2021
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, Sept. 2021, v. 18, no. 18, 9462
Abstract: Despite the rise of child victimization in different societies, few researchers have exam-ined its consequences in terms of psychological morbidity (such as depression and anxiety) and problematic online behavior (such as Internet addiction and cyberbullying) in a single study. More-over, no study has investigated the role of psychological morbidity in mediating the impact of victimization on problematic online behavior (indexed by Internet addiction and cyberbullying) in a single model. Based on a survey of 2843 Chinese secondary students (49.3% male; Mage = 13.97) from six public secondary schools in Fujian, China, we found that experience of victimization was positively associated with depression and anxiety, as well as Internet addiction and cyberbullying. Depression mediated the links between victimization and both Internet addiction and cyberbullying, with the mediating effect on Internet addiction found to be stronger for girls. While anxiety did not mediate the association between victimization and cyberbullying, it mediated the relationship between victimization and Internet addiction in boys. These findings enrich our understanding of the negative outcomes of victimization, as well as directions for intervention.
Keywords: Anxiety
Internet addiction
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health 
ISSN: 1661-7827
EISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18189462
Rights: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Li, X.; Shek, D.T.L.; Shek, E.Y.W. Offline Victimization, Psychological Morbidity, and Problematic Online Behavior among Chinese Secondary School Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9462 is available at
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