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Title: Pilot testing of Dual-task Zumba Gold (DTZ) for community-dwelling people with mild cognitive impairment : a mixed-methods study
Authors: Parial, LL 
Leung, AYM 
Sumile, EF
Lam, SC 
Issue Date: Nov-2021
Source: Geriatric nursing, Nov.-Dec. 2021, v. 42, no. 6, p. 1397-1407
Abstract: Dual-tasking (e.g., enrichment of physical activities with mental exercises) is an innovative strategy to enhance older adults’ cognition. Meanwhile, Zumba is a popular dance program, but research is limited about its utility on older people or those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This study assessed the feasibility of a new intervention called dual-task Zumba Gold (DTZ) for people with MCI. A mixed-methods feasibility study involving ten people aged ≥55 years with MCI was conducted from December 2020 to March 2021. Nine participants completed the study (90%) with high intervention acceptability. Program adherence (90.3%) and implementation fidelity (92.2%) were high. Participants also expressed the program's benefits, challenges, and facilitators. Moreover, pilot test results suggested improvements in global cognition (Z=-2.680; p=0.007), quality of life (Z=-2.688; p=0.008), and mobility (Z=-2.333; p=0.020). Hence, DTZ is feasible and acceptable for people with MCI, offering potential multidomain effects. Future randomized controlled studies should confirm these outcomes.
Keywords: Aerobic dance
Mild cognitive impairment
Zumba Gold
Publisher: Mosby
Journal: Geriatric nursing 
ISSN: 0197-4572
DOI: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2021.09.013
Rights: © 2021 Published by Elsevier Inc.
© 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
The following publication Parial, L. L., Leung, A. Y. M., Sumile, E. F., & Lam, S. C. (2021). Pilot testing of Dual-task Zumba Gold (DTZ) for community-dwelling people with mild cognitive impairment: A mixed-methods study. Geriatric Nursing, 42(6), 1397-1407 is available at
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