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Title: Flexible actuators for soft robotics
Authors: Yang, Y
Wu, YX
Li, C
Yang, XM
Chen, W 
Issue Date: Jan-2020
Source: Advanced intelligent systems, Jan. 2020, v. 2, no. 1, 1900077
Abstract: Rigid robots have taken on a variety of automated manufacturing tasks and have made a huge contribution to industrial development; however, they are not suitable for further wearable applications due to their rigid and bulky structure, poor environmental adaptability, and low safety. Soft robots, which are mainly fabricated with FLexible or elastomeric materials, can easily adjust to environmental changes and accomplish complex tasks, offering a new paradigm to achieve human-machine compliance. Soft robots do not replace rigid robots but add diverse features for softer robotic applications. In particular, the use of flexible actuators in robotic systems can realize certain intelligent functions, enrich soft robotic systems and migrate academic research to engineering applications. Currently, the application of flexible actuators in soft robotic fields is still at the embryonic stage. However, tremendous application spaces can be envisaged when combining flexible actuators with soft wearable robotics. Therefore, the current flexible actuators that rely on different external stimuli are addressed herein, and their materials, designs, and approaches suitable for soft robotic applications are highlighted. The application advancement and future perspective of flexible actuator prototypes toward various soft robotics are also discussed.
Keywords: Actively deformable apparels
Flexible actuators
Medical robots
Rehabilitation assistance robots
Soft human-machine interaction robots
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
Journal: Advanced intelligent systems 
EISSN: 2640-4567
DOI: 10.1002/aisy.201900077
Rights: © 2019 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
This is an open access article under the terms of the CreativeCommons Attribution License (, which permits use, distribution andreproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following publication Yang, Y., Wu, Y., Li, C., Yang, X., & Chen, W. (2020). Flexible actuators for soft robotics. Advanced Intelligent Systems, 2(1), 1900077 is available at
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