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Title: COVID-19 crisis: exploring community of inquiry in online learning for sub-degree students
Authors: Lau, YY 
Tang, YM 
Chau, KY
Vyas, L
Sandoval-Hernandez, A
Wong, S 
Issue Date: Jul-2021
Source: Frontiers in psychology, July 2021, v.12, 679197
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has brought a tremendous impact on the pedagogy and learning experience of students in sub-degree education sector of Hong Kong. Online learning has become the “sole” solution to deal with student learning challenges during this chaotic period. In this study, we explore online learning for sub-degree students by using a community of inquiry (CoI). As such, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted on survey data gathered from 287 sub-degree students from the business and engineering disciplines. Results indicated that the network speed for online education determines the perceived cognitive presence, social presence, and teaching presence of students, whereas gender and academic disciplines of students are not moderating factors that create a significant difference in perceived cognitive presence, social presence, and teaching presence of students. Our study findings for creating and sustaining a purposeful online learning community are highlighted.
Keywords: Online learning
Community of inquiry
Sub-degree students
Network speed
Academic discipline
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Journal: Frontiers in psychology 
EISSN: 1664-1078
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.679197
Rights: Copyright © 2021 Lau, Tang, Chau, Vyas, Sandoval-Hernandez and Wong. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
The following publication Lau Y-y, Tang YM, Chau KY, Vyas L, Sandoval-Hernandez A and Wong S (2021) COVID-19 Crisis: Exploring Community of Inquiry in Online Learning for Sub-Degree Students. Front. Psychol. 12:679197 is available at
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