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Title: The use of masks among Brazilian nursing workers during the COVID-19 pandemic
Other Title: Prática do uso de máscaras entre profissionais de enfermagem no brasil na pandemia da COVID-19
Authors: Pereira-Ávila, FMV
Junior, AM
Sousa, LRM
Moll, MF
Galvão, MTG
Toffano, SEM
Lam, SC 
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Texto & contexto-enfermagem, 2021, v. 30, e20200502
Abstract: Objective: to assess the use of masks among Brazilian nursing workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Method: cross-sectional study addressing nursing workers between March and May 2020. Data were collected online using a form addressing demographic variables and the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Face Mask Use Scale (FMUS-PB). Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics, central tendency and dispersion measures, Student’s t-test, and analysis of variance.
Results: a total of 3,294 workers participated; most were nurses (85.9%), women (90.2%), lived in the southeast (36.9%), and had had contact with the COVID-19 (77.8%). The participants reported using masks in public places and at work (63.1% and 78.8%, respectively). However, only 25.8% wore masks at home. Individuals aged between 35 and 45 (p=0.002) living in the south (p<0.001) reported more frequent use of masks. Nursing technicians (p<0.001), aged ≥ 45 (p<0.001), living in the south (p<0.001), scored higher in the use of masks for self-protection and to protect others (p=0.002). Prior contact with COVID-19 resulted in the more frequent use of masks for self-protection and to protect others (p<0.001).
Conclusion: the use of masks by nursing workers in public places and health settings was more frequent than at home. Additionally, masks were more frequently use for self-protection than to protect others. These results show a need to promote cultural changes toward masks for personal protection and within the family and social contexts.
Keywords: Coronavirus
Infection control
Nursing team
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Journal: Texto & contexto-enfermagem 
ISSN: 0104-0707
EISSN: 1980-265X
DOI: 10.1590/1980-265X-TCE-2020-0502
Rights: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (
The following publication Pereira-Ávila FMV, Martins Junior A, Sousa LRM, Moll MF, Galvão MTG, Toffano SEM, Lam SC. The use of masks among brazilian nursing workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Texto Contexto Enferm [Internet]. 2021 [cited YEAR MONTH DAY]; 30:e20200502 is available at
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