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Title: Study on the development of antiviral spandex fabric coated with Poly(Hexamethylene Biguanide) Hydrochloride (PHMB)
Authors: Wang, WY 
Yim, SL
Wong, CH
Kan, CW 
Issue Date: Jul-2021
Source: Polymers, July 2021, v. 13, no. 13, 2122
Abstract: The spread of COVID-19 has brought about huge losses around the world. This study aims to investigate the applicability of PHMB used for developing antiviral spandex clothing against coronavirus. PHMB was qualitatively determined on the surface of spandex fabrics by using BPB. The antiviral analysis shows that the PHMB-treated spandex fabric can kill 99% of the coronavirus within 2 h of contact, which suggests that the spandex fabric treated with PHMB could be used for developing antiviral clothing against coronaviruses for containing the transmission of COVID-19 in high-risk places. Furthermore, PHMB-treated spandex fabrics were shown excellent antibacterial activity against gram-positive S. aureus and gram-negative K. pneumoniae. The hand feel properties of Spandex fabric were not significantly affected by the PHMB coating in addition to the wrinkle recovery, which was obviously improved after PHMB coating.
Keywords: Antiviral clothing
Protective spandex clothing
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: Polymers 
ISSN: 2073-4360
DOI: 10.3390/polym13132122
Rights: © 2021 by the authors.Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Wang, W.-Y.; Yim, S.-L.; Wong, C.-H.; Kan, C.-W. Study on the Development of Antiviral Spandex Fabric Coated with Poly(Hexamethylene Biguanide) Hydrochloride (PHMB). Polymers 2021, 13, 2122 is available at
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