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Title: Experimental demonstration of pre-electronic dispersion compensation in IM/DD systems using an iterative algorithm
Authors: Wu, X 
Karar, AS
Zhong, K
Lau, APT 
Lu, C 
Issue Date: Aug-2021
Source: Optics express, 2 Aug. 2021, v. 29, no. 16, p. 24735-24748
Abstract: To combat chromatic dispersion (CD) in intensity modulation and direct detection (IM/DD) systems, three chirp-free demonstrations are experimentally performed with an iterative pre-electronic dispersion compensation (pre-EDC) algorithm at the transmitter end, for 28 GBaud non-return-to-zero on-off keying (NRZ-OOK), 56 GBaud NRZ-OOK and 28 GBaud four-level pulse-amplitude-modulation (PAM-4) signals, over distances of 100 km, 50 km and 40 km of single mode fiber (SMF), respectively. The iterative pre-EDC algorithm is based on the Gerchberg-Saxton (GS) algorithm, which treats the unconstrained phase at the direct detection receiver as a degree of freedom. At the receiver side, only a linear fractionally-spaced (T/2) post-feed-forward equalizer (post-FFE) is employed to combat the residual inter-symbol interference (ISI). Experimental results show that the aforementioned three demonstrations can approach the forward error correction (FEC) bit error rate (BER) threshold of 3.8 × 10-3 with (15 pre-EDC iterations and 5-tap post-FFE), (30 pre-EDC iterations and 15-tap post-FFE), and (10 pre-EDC iterations and 25-tap post-FFE), respectively. The results indicate the applicability of the pre-EDC algorithm in high-capacity IM/DD systems for transmission distances below 100 km of SMF.
Publisher: Optical Society of America
Journal: Optics express 
EISSN: 1094-4087
DOI: 10.1364/OE.427661
Rights: © 2021 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement (
Journal © 2021
© 2021 Optical Society of America. Users may use, reuse, and build upon the article, or use the article for text or data mining, so long as such uses are for non-commercial purposes and appropriate attribution is maintained. All other rights are reserved.
The following publication Wu, X., Karar, A. S., Zhong, K., Lau, A. P. T., & Lu, C. (2021). Experimental demonstration of pre-electronic dispersion compensation in IM/DD systems using an iterative algorithm. Optics Express, 29(16), 24735-24749 is available at
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