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Title: Design and optimization principles of cylindrical sliding triboelectric nanogenerators
Authors: Xia, Z
Feng, PY
Jing, X
Li, H 
Mi, HY
Liu, Y
Issue Date: May-2021
Source: Micromachines, May 2021, v. 12, no. 5, 567
Abstract: Reciprocating motion is a widely existing form of mechanical motion in the natural envi-ronment. Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) that work in sliding mode are ideal for harnessing large-distance reciprocating motion, and their energy conversion efficiency could be greatly enhanced by adding springs to them. Herein, we focused on investigating the design and optimization principles of sliding mode TENGs by analyzing the effects of spring parameters and vibration frequency on the triboelectric output performance of typical cylindrical sliding TENGs (CS-TENGs). Experimental study and finite elemental analysis were carried out based on a CS-TENG model assembled using a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) film as the negative layer and an aluminum film as the positive layer. The energy output was found to be mainly affected by the change of relative displacement between the two friction layers, rather than the reactive force applied by the springs or the velocity of the sliding motion. However, the frequency of the output signals could be improved when the stiffness coefficient of the springs and the CS-TENG vibration frequency were increased. This study provides valuable directions for the design and optimization of sliding mode TENGs containing springs, and will motivate in-depth research on the fundamental principles of TENG operation.
Keywords: Energy harvesting
Sliding mode
Spring parameter
Triboelectric nanogenerator
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: Micromachines 
EISSN: 2072-666X
DOI: 10.3390/mi12050567
Rights: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).
The following publication Xia, Z.; Feng, P.-Y.; Jing, X.; Li, H.; Mi, H.-Y.; Liu, Y. Design and Optimization Principles of Cylindrical Sliding Triboelectric Nanogenerators. Micromachines 2021, 12, 567 is available at
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