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Title: Building information modeling (BIM), system dynamics (SD), and agent-based modeling (ABM) : towards an integrated approach
Authors: Uddin, MN 
Wang, Q 
Wei, HH 
Chi, HL 
Ni, M 
Issue Date: Dec-2021
Source: Ain Shams engineering journal, Dec. 2021, v. 12, no. 4, p. 4261-4274
Abstract: Several frameworks are introduced to address occupancy-based building performance. However, the performance predictions obtained using these frameworks deviate from real performance. So, this study's aim is to represent a new framework for the automatic assessment of occupants’ comfort and building indoor performance using BIM and the SD-ABM platform. Initially, an office space in Hong Kong, consisting of 10 occupants, was considered for the BIM model construction. The occupancy, indoor data and required equations are defined using the SD-ABM model. Essential data from the BIM model can be transferred using the Dynamo-Excel platform. Furthermore, a validation study was conducted using a paper-based survey from the occupants and sensor data for environmental data monitoring while error metrics were also calculated. The framework actively predicts occupant presence, comfort level, temperatures, and CO2 concentration in the office space. However, a comprehensive usability and feasibility study is required to assess the efficiency of the framework.
Keywords: ABM & Occupant Comfort
Office Building
Publisher: Ain Shams University
Journal: Ain Shams engineering journal 
ISSN: 2090-4479
EISSN: 2090-4495
DOI: 10.1016/j.asej.2021.04.015
Rights: © 2021 THE AUTHORS. Published by Elsevier BV on behalf of Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
The following publication Uddin, M. N., Wang, Q., Wei, H. H., Chi, H. L., & Ni, M. (2021). Building information modeling (BIM), system dynamics (SD), and agent-based modeling (ABM): Towards an integrated approach. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 12(4), 4261-4274 is available at
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