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Title: Green infrastructure as an urban heat island mitigation strategy-a review
Authors: Balany, F
Muttil, N
Muthukumaran, S
Wong, MS 
Issue Date: Dec-2020
Source: Water, Dec. 2020, v. 12, no. 12, 3577
Abstract: Research on urban heat mitigation has been growing in recent years with many of the studies focusing on green infrastructure (GI) as a strategy to mitigate the adverse effects of an urban heat island (UHI). This paper aims at presenting a review of the range of findings from GI research for urban heat mitigation through a review of scientific articles published during the years 2009-2020. This research includes a review of the different types of GI and its contribution for urban heat mitigation and human thermal comfort. In addition to analysing different mitigation strategies, numerical simulation tools that are commonly used are also reviewed. It is seen that ENVI-met is one of the modelling tools that is considered as a reliable to simulate different mitigation strategies and hence has been widely used in the recent past. Considering its popularity in urban microclimate studies, this article also provides a review of ENVI-met simulation results that were reported in the reviewed papers. It was observed that the majority of the research was conducted on a limited spatial scale and focused on temperature and human thermal comfort.
Keywords: Green infrastructure
Urban heat island
Human thermal comfort
Modelling tools
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: Water 
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w12123577
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Balany, F.; Ng, A.W.; Muttil, N.; Muthukumaran, S.; Wong, M.S. Green Infrastructure as an Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategy—A Review. Water 2020, 12, 3577 is available at
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