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dc.contributorDepartment of Applied Mathematicsen_US
dc.contributorSchool of Nursingen_US
dc.creatorZhuang, Zen_US
dc.creatorCao, Pen_US
dc.creatorZhao, Sen_US
dc.creatorHan, Len_US
dc.creatorHe, Den_US
dc.creatorYang, Len_US
dc.publisherAME Publishing Companyen_US
dc.rights© Annals of Translational Medicineen_US
dc.rightsThis is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits the non-commercial replication and distribution of the article with the strict proviso that no changes or edits are made and the original work is properly cited (including links to both the formal publication through the relevant DOI and the license). See:
dc.rightsThe following publication Zhuang Z, Cao P, Zhao S, Han L, He D, Yang L. The shortage of hospital beds for COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients during the lockdown of Wuhan, China. Ann Transl Med 2021;9(3): 200 is available at
dc.subjectCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)en_US
dc.subjectMathematical modellingen_US
dc.subjectHospital bedsen_US
dc.titleThe shortage of hospital beds for COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients during the lockdown of Wuhan, Chinaen_US
dc.typeJournal/Magazine Articleen_US
dcterms.abstractBackground: The 76-day lockdown of Wuhan city has successfully contained the first wave of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. However, to date few studies have evaluated the hospital bed shortage for COVID-19 during the lockdown and none for non-COVID-19 patients, although such data are important for better preparedness of the future outbreak.en_US
dcterms.abstractMethods: We built a compartmental model to estimate the daily numbers of hospital bed shortage for patients with mild, severe and critical COVID-19, taking account of underreport and diagnosis delay.en_US
dcterms.abstractResults: The maximal daily shortage of inpatient beds for mild, severe and critical COVID-19 patients was 43,960 (95% confidence interval: 35,246, 52,929), 2,779 (1,395, 4,163) and 196 (143, 250) beds in early February 2020. An earlier or later lockdown would have greatly increased the shortage of hospital beds in Wuhan. The overwhelmed healthcare system might have delayed the provision of health care to both COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients during the lockdown. The second wave in Wuhan could have occurred in June 2020 if social distancing measures had waned in early March 2020. The hospital bed shortage was estimated much smaller in the potential second wave than in the first one.en_US
dcterms.abstractConclusions: Our findings suggest that the timing and strength of lockdown is important for the containment of the COVID-19 outbreaks. The healthcare needs of non-COVID-19 patients in the pandemic warrant more investigations.en_US
dcterms.accessRightsopen accessen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationAnnals of translational medicine, Feb. 2021, v. 9, no. 3, 200en_US
dcterms.isPartOfAnnals of translational medicineen_US
dc.description.validate202107 bcvcen_US
dc.description.oaVersion of Recorden_US
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