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Title: Strategy use in oral communication with competent synthesis and complex interaction
Authors: Zhu, X 
Liao, X
Cheong, CM
Issue Date: Oct-2019
Source: Journal of psycholinguistic research, Oct. 2019, v. 48, no. 5, p. 1163- 1183
Abstract: Strategy use is a critical competence for academic achievement and problem solving in globalised and information-based knowledge economies. It involves skills such as synthesising information from task source materials and elaborating on interlocutors’ viewpoints during integrated group discussions. However, evidence from empirical studies on this topic is scarce. We recruited 171 local Hong Kong undergraduate students to participate in an integrated group discussion task in Putonghua as an L2 (i.e., second language) and to complete a strategy use inventory of the task. The students’ performances and responses were analysed with multiple statistical methods. The strategy use inventory of the integrated group discussion was validated. Five categories of strategy were identified: active engagement, non-verbal, synthesis, clarification and affective strategies. These strategies significantly predicted task performance (with 19.9% variation), leading to significant improvement in oral production quality. Both the synthesis (the integrative use of information) and active engagement (including elaborating viewpoints) strategies were significantly associated with task performance, which are rarely found in existing oral communication strategy inventories. The participants with high levels of task performance demonstrated significantly more use of the active engagement, clarification and synthesis strategies (with the first two merged in the complex interaction strategy) than those with medium or low task performance levels. The implications of the results are discussed.
Keywords: Integrated group discussion
Strategy use
Undergraduate student
Publisher: Springer
Journal: Journal of psycholinguistic research 
ISSN: 0090-6905
EISSN: 1573-6555
DOI: 10.1007/s10936-019-09651-0
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019
This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. The final authenticated version is available online at:
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