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dc.contributorDepartment of Applied Social Sciencesen_US
dc.creatorChua, GTen_US
dc.creatorTung, KTSen_US
dc.creatorKwan, MYWen_US
dc.creatorWong, RSen_US
dc.creatorChui, CSLen_US
dc.creatorLi, Xen_US
dc.creatorWong, WHSen_US
dc.creatorTso, WWYen_US
dc.creatorFu, KWen_US
dc.creatorChan, KLen_US
dc.creatorWing, YKen_US
dc.creatorChen, EYHen_US
dc.creatorLee, TMCen_US
dc.creatorRao, Nen_US
dc.creatorChan, GCFen_US
dc.creatorHon, EKLen_US
dc.creatorHung, IFNen_US
dc.creatorLau, KKen_US
dc.creatorHo, MHKen_US
dc.creatorWong, Ken_US
dc.creatorXiong, Xen_US
dc.creatorChi, Sen_US
dc.creatorTang, Sen_US
dc.creatorTam, PKHen_US
dc.creatorWong, ICKen_US
dc.creatorIp, Pen_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Research Foundationen_US
dc.rights© 2021 Chua, Tung, Kwan, Wong, Chui, Li, Wong, Tso, Fu, Chan, Wing, Chen, Chun Lee, Rao, Chan, Hon, Hung, Lau, Ho, Wong, Xiong, Chi, Tang, Tam, Wong and Ip. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) ( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en_US
dc.rightsThe following publication Chua GT, Tung KTS, Kwan MYW, Wong RS, Chui CSL, Li X, Wong WHS, Tso WWY, Fu KW, Chan KL, Wing YK, Chen EYH, Chun Lee TM, Rao N, Chan GCF, Hon EKL, Hung IFN, Lau KK, Ho MHK, Wong K, Xiong X, Chi S, Tang S-t, Tam PKH, Wong ICK and Ip P (2021) Multilevel Factors Affecting Healthcare Workers’ Perceived Stress and Risk of Infection During COVID-19 Pandemic. Int J Public Health 66:599408 is available at
dc.subjectHealthcare workersen_US
dc.subjectPerceived stressen_US
dc.subjectPsychological wellbeingen_US
dc.subjectHospital policiesen_US
dc.titleMultilevel factors affecting healthcare workers’ perceived stress and risk of infection during COVID-19 pandemicen_US
dc.typeJournal/Magazine Articleen_US
dcterms.abstractObjectives: This study aimed to identify key factors affecting Healthcare workers (HCWs) perceived stress and risk of contracting COVID-19 among themselves and their family members during the pandemic.en_US
dcterms.abstractMethods: A cross-sectional online questionnaire study was conducted between 19 March and April 5, 2020 in Hong Kong. HCWs from public hospitals and private dentists, and their family members participated.en_US
dcterms.abstractResults: A total of 747 HCWs and 245 family members participated. Higher perceived stress in HCWs was associated with more negative changes in family relationship (p = 0.025). The HCWs’ perceived stress, however, was positively associated with family cohesion (p = 0.033) and stress levels of family members (p < 0.001). The level of HCWs’ satisfaction toward the hospital policies in response to the COVID-19 outbreak was associated with lower levels of perceived stress and risk of themselves or their family members contracting COVID-19. HCWs’ previous frontline experience of SARS was significantly associated with less perceived risk of themselves or their family members contracting COVID-19.en_US
dcterms.abstractConclusion: Hospital policies addressing HCWs’ needs, frontline experience of SARS, and family relationship influenced psychological wellbeing of HCWs during the COVID-19 outbreak.en_US
dcterms.accessRightsopen accessen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationInternational journal of public health, Mar. 2021, v. 66, 599408, p. 1- 9en_US
dcterms.isPartOfInternational journal of public healthen_US
dc.description.validate202106 bcwhen_US
dc.description.oaVersion of Recorden_US
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