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Title: Towards culturally sustainable scuba diving tourism : an integration of Indigenous knowledge
Authors: Prasetyo, N
Filep, S 
Carr, A
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Tourism recreation research, 2021, Latest articles,
Abstract: Whilst there is an increasing literature about managing local Indigenous values in land-based settings for visitor experiences there is limited knowledge around how Indigenous values contribute to tourism development in marine environments. This paper explores how Indigenous knowledge and practices are integrated into scuba diving tourism development. In-depth face-to-face conversations with 49 Indigenous tourism stakeholders in Misool, Raja Ampat, Indonesia were conducted. Following narrative analysis, findings revealed five features of Misoolese knowledge and practices of the local communities: locating and attracting marine species, reading the signs of nature, respecting sacred sites, fish taboo, and marine sasi, a form of traditional marine resource management. The findings make a theoretical contribution as they explain how integrating Indigenous knowledge into successful tourism development can be achieved. It is argued that these Indigenous practices are instrumental for culturally sustainable tourism development in marine environments.
Keywords: Indigenous knowledge
Scuba diving tourism|Marine ecotourism
Raja Ampat
Cultural sustainability
Publisher: Centre for Tourism Research & Development
Journal: Tourism recreation research 
ISSN: 0250-8281
EISSN: 2320-0308
DOI: 10.1080/02508281.2021.1925830
Rights: © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Tourism Recreation Research on 26 May 2021 (Published online), available online:
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