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Title: Mechanical–chemical coupling phase-field modeling for inhomogeneous oxidation of zirconium induced by stress–oxidation interaction
Authors: Lin, C 
Ruan, HH 
Shi, SQ 
Issue Date: 5-Aug-2020
Source: npj materials degradation, 2020, v. 4, 22, p. 1-12
Abstract: A phase-field model is proposed to study the inhomogeneous growth of zirconia induced by the stress–oxidation interaction, which captures the complex interplay among diffusion, oxidation kinetics, interfacial morphology evolution, and stress variation in an oxidation process. Through this numerical model, many experimentally observed but insufficiently understood phenomena can be well explained. Specifically, the numerical simulations reveal quantitatively the causes of interface roughening or smoothening during the inward oxide growth, the roughness-dependent oxide growth rate, and the nucleation sites of premature cracking. These numerical findings can be used as the theoretical references for the improving the durability of oxide scale and prolonging the service life of zirconium-based alloy cladding used in the nuclear power plant.
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal: npj materials degradation 
EISSN: 2397-2106
DOI: 10.1038/s41529-020-00125-6
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
The following publication Lin, C., Ruan, H. & Shi, SQ. Mechanical–chemical coupling phase-field modeling for inhomogeneous oxidation of zirconium induced by stress–oxidation interaction. npj Mater Degrad 4, 22 (2020) is available at
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