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dc.contributorDepartment of Logistics and Maritime Studies-
dc.creatorLiu, Zen_US
dc.creatorYang, Den_US
dc.creatorNg, YNEen_US
dc.rights© The Author(s). 2020 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
dc.rightsThe following publication Liu, Z., Yang, D. & Ng, Y.N.E. A competitive analysis of port of Hong Kong: from external to internal. J. shipp. trd. 5, 7 (2020). is available at
dc.subjectTerminal/port competitionen_US
dc.subjectService heterogeneityen_US
dc.subjectCournot price competitionen_US
dc.subjectEdgeworth modelen_US
dc.subjectStackelberg leadership modelen_US
dc.titleA competitive analysis of port of Hong Kong : from external to internalen_US
dc.typeJournal/Magazine Articleen_US
dcterms.abstractThis paper aims to analyse the competitive equilibrium of Hong Kong international port after the cooperation among terminal operators. To achieve our research objective, a comprehensive analysis framework is proposed. We assume that the port services provided by Shenzhen and Hong Kong have heterogeneity, thus apply Cournot price competition model to understand the external competition. We find that the heterogeneity level can affect the demand of Hong Kong international port. For different heterogeneity levels, different competitive equilibriums among terminal operators of Hong Kong are discussed. We further apply Edgeworth model and Stackelberg Leadership Model to describe the internal competition of Hong Kong international port. Based on analysis, some recommendations are provided to the terminal operators of Hong Kong.-
dcterms.accessRightsopen accessen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationJournal of shipping and trade, 2020, v. 5, 7, p. 1-17en_US
dcterms.isPartOfJournal of shipping and tradeen_US
dc.description.validate202104 bcvc-
dc.description.oaVersion of Recorden_US
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