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Title: Critical thinking in medicine and health
Authors: Cummings, L 
Issue Date: 2020
Source: In L Cummings, Fallacies in medicine and health : critical thinking, argumentation and communication, p. 1-28. Cham: Paalgrave Macmillann, 2020
Abstract: This textbook examines the ways in which arguments may be used and abused in medicine and health. The central claim is that a group of arguments known as the informal fallacies – including slippery slope arguments, fear appeal, and the argument from ignorance – undertake considerable work in medical and health contexts, and that they can in fact be rationally warranted ways of understanding complex topics, contrary to the views of many earlier philosophers and logicians. Modern medicine and healthcare require lay people to engage with increasingly complex decisions in areas such as immunization, lifestyle and dietary choices, and health screening. Many of the so-called fallacies of reasoning can also be viewed as cognitive heuristics or short-cuts which help individuals make decisions in these contexts. Using features such as learning objectives, case studies and end-of-unit questions, this textbook examines topical issues and debates in all areas of medicine and health, including antibiotic use and resistance, genetic engineering, euthanasia, addiction to prescription opioids, and the legalization of cannabis. It will be useful to students of critical thinking, reasoning, logic, argumentation, rhetoric, communication, health humanities, philosophy and linguistics.
Keywords: Health communication
Informal fallacy
Philosophy of language
Health discourseargumentation
Critical thinking
Health humanities
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 978-3-030-28512-8 (Softcovera0
978-3-030-28513-5 (eBook)
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-28513-5
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020
This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of a chapter published in Fallacies in Medicine and Health. The final authenticated version is available online at:
Appears in Collections:Book Chapter

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