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Title: Mind-based and movement-based mind-body intervention for Chinese older people with depression
Authors: Chan, SHW 
Lo, HHM 
Yu, CH
Issue Date: Nov-2019
Source: Innovation in aging, Nov. 2019, v. 3, no. s1, p. s270 (Program Abstracts)
Abstract: Mind-body intervention has been well established as an alternative psychosocial intervention for managing depression. Mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) and health qigong (HQ) are two common forms of mind-body intervention which share the common focus on breathing. However, they may represent two distinct approaches with different mechanisms. MBI focuses more on mind-based practices whereas HQ may focus predominantly on body-based movement practices. Thus, a large research gap in comparing the unique therapeutic effects of mind-based and movement-based health practices on alleviating depression among older people is worthy of further investigation. A total of 45 community-dwelling Chinese older adults aged 60 or above with symptoms of clinical depression were recruited. They were randomly assigned to three different groups, including an MBI group, a HQ group, and a waitlist control (WLC) group. Comparisons were made before and after 8-week interventions. Regarding the primary outcome, the effect sizes between the MBI and WLC groups, as well as between the HQ and WLC groups, were reasonably large (Hedges’ g = 1.338 and 0.725, respectively), yet the effect size between the MBI and HQ groups was moderate (Hedges’ g = 0.325). Specifically, participants in the MBI group showed more improvements on perceived stress, self-efficacy, and mental health, whereas participants in the HQ group showed relatively better performance regarding interoception and physical mobility. Findings from this research demonstrate the unique therapeutic effects of mind-based and movement-based interventions on alleviating depression among older people. The application of two distinct forms of mind-body intervention in a Chinese context is discussed.
DOI: 10.1093/geroni/igz038.1002
Description: GSA 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting “Strength in Age-Harnessing the Power of Networks”, November 13-17, 2019, Austin, Texas
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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