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Title: Optical performance of progressive addition lenses (PALs) with astigmatic prescription
Authors: De Lestrange-Anginieur, E 
Kee, CS 
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Scientific reports, 2021, v. 11, no. 1, 2984
Abstract: The progressive addition lens (PAL) is a spectacle lens design with progressive refractive power changes across the lens surface to provide sharp vision at different viewing distances for patients with reduced accommodative strength. It has gained in popularity not just for presbyopic patients, but also patients with occupational (office, driving, or digital device) and therapeutic (e.g., myopia control) needs. However, despite the increasing prevalence of astigmatism in adults > 40 years old who rely on PAL correction, no metric is available to reflect the optical variation in PALs with astigmatic prescriptions. Based on recent studies, four novel optical metrics sensitive to variation of refractive power across the lens surface of PALs have been developed. These metrics were used to compare the optical performance of PALs of various prescriptions, designs, and manufacturers. For each lens, the refractive power profile was first measured with a Moire-deflectometry-based instrument.The data was then exported and analyzed using a two-dimensional error map for each of the four metrics. The results revealed significant impacts of astigmatic prescription, providing evidence for the usefulness of these metrics in quantifying the optical performance of PALs for patients with astigmatic prescriptions.
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal: Scientific reports 
EISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-82697-0
Rights: © The Author(s) 2021
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
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