Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/89047
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributorDepartment of Rehabilitation Sciencesen_US
dc.creatorLaw, JCLen_US
dc.creatorWong, TWLen_US
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-18T06:26:17Z-
dc.date.available2021-01-18T06:26:17Z-
dc.identifier.issn1612-4782en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10397/89047-
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.subjectAttentional focus instructionen_US
dc.subjectMotor performanceen_US
dc.subjectConscious motor processingen_US
dc.subjectStressen_US
dc.subjectDart throwingen_US
dc.titleInternal focus instruction increases psychological stress with conscious motor processing and deteriorates motor performance in dart throwingen_US
dc.typeJournal/Magazine Articleen_US
dc.identifier.spage1en_US
dc.identifier.epage8en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10339-020-00991-7en_US
dcterms.abstractInternal focus attention strategies have been found to diminish motor performance. This study attempted to elucidate this finding using the constrained action hypothesis and the theory of reinvestment through exploring their underlying mechanisms. Sixty-one young participants completed a self-paced "dart throwing" motor task to examine the effects of internal focus instruction, compared with no focus instruction, on conscious motor processing (reinvestment), psychological stress, and motor performance. Participants threw darts with standardized internal focus and no focus instructions given before each trial block of dart throwing. Motor performance was indicated by the throw accuracy and throw time. Stress was measured using a galvanic skin response probe. An insight into real-time conscious motor processing (reinvestment) was provided by the electroencephalography coherence between T3 and Fz locations on the scalp. Results indicated that internal focus instruction could cause participants to have lower throw accuracy (p = 0.008), longer throw time (p = 0.001), higher stress (p = 0.001) and higher real-time conscious motor processing (reinvestment) (p = 0.001) than no focus instruction. The significant results imply that internal focus instruction should be avoided in the self-paced motor task learning due to its detrimental effects.en_US
dcterms.accessRightsembargoed accessen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationCognitive processing, 2020, p. 1-8en_US
dcterms.isPartOfCognitive processingen_US
dcterms.issued2020-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000567726400001-
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85090443254-
dc.identifier.pmid32909081-
dc.identifier.eissn1612-4790en_US
dc.description.validate202101 bcrcen_US
dc.description.oaNot applicableen_US
dc.identifier.FolderNumbera0542-n03en_US
dc.description.pubStatusPublisheden_US
dc.date.embargo2021-09-09en_US
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article
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Embargo End Date 2021-09-09
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