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Title: The effects of Baduanjin qigong on postural stability, proprioception, and symptoms of patients with knee osteoarthritis : a randomized controlled trial
Authors: Ye, JJ 
Simpson, MW 
Liu, Y
Lin, W
Zhong, WH
Cai, SH
Zou, LY
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Frontiers in medicine, 10 Jan. 2020, v. 6, 307, p. 1-10
Abstract: Background: Knee osteoarthritis is a common disease affecting a large number of old individuals worldwide. This study aimed to explore the effects of Baduanjin Qigong in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Methods: Fifty participants with knee osteoarthritis were randomly assigned to either an experimental group (n = 25) or a control group (n = 25). participants in the experimental group received Baduanjin Qigong training for 12 weeks, with three sessions per week lasting 40 min per session. participants in the control group did not receive any additional physical training. All of participants completed outcome (proprioception, postural stability, and functional ability) assessments at three time points (baseline, Week 8, 12).
Results: Proprioception and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index function were statistically improved at eighth and 12th week of the intervention in the Baduanjin Qigong group (p < 0.05), while the control group did not have any significant changes. For postural stability at the anterior-posterior direction with eyes closed, Baduanjin Qigong group showed significant improvement compared to controls after the 12 weeks of intervention (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: Regular Baduanjin Qigong practice helped the improvement of knee joint proprioception and postural stability, and reduction of pain, stiffness, and functional impairments of old adults with knee osteoarthritis. Well-designed randomized controlled trials with long-term assessment are needed. The trial was registered in Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR-IOR-16010042). URL: . aspx?id=10550.
Keywords: Exercise
Mind-body exercise
Postural stability
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Journal: Frontiers in medicine 
EISSN: 2296-858X
DOI: 10.3389/fmed.2019.00307
Rights: © 2020 Ye, Simpson, Liu, Lin, Zhong, Cai and Zou. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) ( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
The following publication Ye J, Simpson MW, Liu Y, Lin W, Zhong W, Cai S and Zou L (2020) The Effects of Baduanjin Qigong on Postural Stability, Proprioception, and Symptoms of Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Front. Med. 6:307, 1-10 is available at
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