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dc.contributorDepartment of Industrial and Systems Engineering-
dc.creatorLin, RJ-
dc.creatorLiu, Y-
dc.creatorMan, Y-
dc.creatorRen, JZ-
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen_US
dc.rights© The Author(s). 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.en_US
dc.rightsThe following publication Lin, R., Liu, Y., Man, Y. et al. Towards a sustainable distributed energy system in China: decision-making for strategies and policy implications. Energ Sustain Soc 9, 51, 1-25 (2019) is available at
dc.subjectDistributed energy systemsen_US
dc.subjectAnalytic hierarchy processen_US
dc.subjectBest-worst methoden_US
dc.subjectEfficient energy generationen_US
dc.subjectChinese energy developmenten_US
dc.titleTowards a sustainable distributed energy system in China : decision-making for strategies and policy implicationsen_US
dc.typeJournal/Magazine Articleen_US
dcterms.abstractBackground The conflict between the Chinese fossil fuel-based economy and worsening environmental conditions requires further research to be carried out. Due to their clean, highly-efficient and flexible properties, distributed energy systems (DESs) have become a global research focus in the field of energy conservation. China, as the largest coal-fired energy user and highest power consumer in the world, has to conduct further research and apply the DESs to resolve the conflict. This study aims to provide a comprehensive review of DES development in China as well as improvement suggestions for the development of DESs by use of scientific analysis.-
dcterms.abstractMethods The analysis of strengths-weaknesses-opportunities threats (SWOT) was adapted for the analysis of improvement strategies. The directions for how to improve the application of these strategies were selected by the prioritization method of analytic hierarchy processes (AHP) and evaluated by the best-worst method (BWM). The suggestions were provided according to the ranks figured out by AHP and BWM. Five enablers were selected from the respective economic, environmental, technological and social aspects for participating in this analysis.-
dcterms.abstractResults Resulting from the SWOT analysis, capital investment, technology development and regulation completeness are three aspects of strategies summarized as SO strategies, ST strategies, WO strategies and WT strategies. The research perspectives of DESs that are suggested for investment, technology development and regulation completeness are illustrated by AHP and BWM. The results show that the reduction of solid particle emissions, the improvement of generation reliability, the improvement of the production rate, the reduction of production costs, the improvement of on-site safety, the fulfilment of electricity demand, the reduction of noxious gas emissions as well as the improvement of energy efficiency need to be carried out for the sake of environmental protection and quality of DES generation in China.-
dcterms.abstractConclusions There are high potentials for China to further develop and apply DES approaches. The direction of current development might be set to solve three problematic aspects, which are capital investment, technology development and regulation completeness.-
dcterms.accessRightsopen accessen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationEnergy sustainability and society, 23 Dec. 2019, v. 9, no. 1, 51, p. 1-25-
dcterms.isPartOfEnergy sustainability and society-
dc.description.validate202006 bcrc-
dc.description.oaVersion of Recorden_US
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