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Title: Clothsurface : exploring a low-cost prototyping tool to support ideation for shape displays
Authors: Ho, JCF 
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Multimodal technologies and interaction, 2019, v. 3, no. 3, 64
Abstract: A shape-changing user interface is a type of interface that interacts with users by changing its physical form. Although researchers have been extensively studying shape-changing user interfaces, relevant research on its various design aspects—including tools and methods—remains limited. Prototyping shape-changing interfaces often requires sophisticated equipment and knowledge, which makes this sphere of design unwelcoming for designers with limited resources and technical knowledge (e.g., design students). In this study, we propose ClothSurface—a simple and low-cost prototyping tool to design for shape displays—and explore its use through a series of design sessions. The results reveal that ClothSurface can allow inexperienced designers to illustrate their ideas and to explore the design space of shape displays.
Keywords: Design tool
Shape display
Shape-changing interface
Tangible user interface
Publisher: MDPI AG
Journal: Multimodal technologies and interaction 
EISSN: 2414-4088
DOI: 10.3390/mti3030064
Rights: © 2019 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Ho JCF. ClothSurface: Exploring a Low-Cost Prototyping Tool to Support Ideation for Shape Displays. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction. 2019; 3(3):64, is available at
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