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Title: Three-dimensional numerical analysis of the interaction of two crossing tunnels in soft clay
Authors: Jin, YF 
Zhu, BQ
Yin, ZY 
Zhang, DM
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Underground space, Dec. 2019, v. 4, no. 4, p. 310-327
Abstract: Recently, with the development of underground construction, multi-tunnel engineering has become a matter of concern since the interaction between tunnels at close ranges could cause additional deformation in strata as well as surrounding structures and even serious damage to surface buildings. These tunnel displacement and soil deformation problems can be effectively predicted using numerical methods considering the influence of various factors, such as the anisotropic nature of soft clay. To this end, the anisotropic elastoplastic constitutive S-CLAY1 is implemented in finite element code to investigate deformation problems in the strata and nearby structures caused by the excavation of multi-tunnels. This paper focuses in particular on configurations of two crossing tunnels. Multiple 3D numerical simulations using ABAQUS enable successive analyses conducted for tunnels at different spacings (1.5D, 2.5D, 3.5D and 4.5D, where D is the tunnel diameter) of configurations aligned vertically. The results, including the ground settlement, lining force and moment, and tunnel convergence, are analyzed. For each aspect, the most unfavorable case is determined by comparing the results of different simulations. This investigation can provide a reference for multi-tunnels design and construction.
Keywords: Multi-tunnels
Ground loss
Finite element
Constitutive relation
Publisher: Tongji University Press
Journal: Underground space 
ISSN: 2096-2754
EISSN: 2467-9674
DOI: 10.1016/j.undsp.2019.04.002
Rights: © 2019 Tongji University and Tongji University Press. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Owner.This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
The following publication Jin, Y. F., Zhu, B. Q., Yin, Z. Y., & Zhang, D. M. (2019). Three-dimensional numerical analysis of the interaction of two crossing tunnels in soft clay. Underground Space, 4(4), 310-327 is available at
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