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Title: Knowledge, skills, and support needed by teaching personnel for managing challenging situations with pupils
Authors: Markkanen, P
Anttila, M
Välimäki, M 
Issue Date: 2019
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, 2019, v. 16, no. 19, 3646
Abstract: It is not uncommon for teachers to face challenging behavioral issues in their classrooms, including disruptive, aggressive, or insulting behavior toward peers or adults. In this paper, we describe what knowledge, skills, and support is needed among teaching personnel to manage challenging situations with pupils. This study was carried out in one comprehensive school in Southwest Finland. Two focus group interviews were conducted with teaching personnel (schoolteachers and classroom assistants, N = 16). The participants also wrote short texts about challenging situations they had experienced. The qualitative data were analyzed with inductive content analysis. According to the results, the teaching personnel needed better knowledge about the factors affecting pupils' behavior and about good practices to apply with pupils in challenging situations. Moreover, the personnel lacked the skills needed to anticipate and recognize pupils' moods and signs of mental distress, and expressed the desire for support from mental health professionals. Teachers with adequate knowledge about the factors linked to behavioral issues are more capable of promoting environments conducive to positive interactions with their pupils, thereby limiting challenging situations. When developing education and support for teaching personnel, collaboration between education and mental health professionals is essential.
Keywords: Challenging situation
Comprehensive school
Focus group interview
mental health
Teaching personnel
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: Sensors (Switzerland) 
ISSN: 1660-4601
EISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16193646
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Markkanen, P., Anttila, M., & Välimäki, M. (2019). Knowledge, Skills, and Support Needed by Teaching Personnel for Managing Challenging Situations with Pupils. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19), 3646, is available at
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