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Title: Threshold value determination using machine learning algorithms for Ba interference with Eu in coal and coal combustion products by ICP-MS
Authors: Xu, N
Li, Q 
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Minerals, May 2019, v. 9, no. 5, 259, p. 1-17
Abstract: Ba-based ion interference with Eu in coal and coal combustion products during quadrupole-based inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry procedures is problematic. Thus, this paper proposes machine-learning-based prediction models for determination of the threshold value of Ba interference with Eu, which can be used to predict such interference in coal. The models are trained for Eu, Ba, Ba/Eu, and Ba interference with Eu. Under different user-defined parameters, different prediction models based on the corresponding model tree can be applied to Ba interference with Eu. We experimentally show the effectiveness of these different prediction models and find that, when the Ba/Eu value is less than 2950, the Ba-Eu interference prediction model is y=-0.18419411+0.00050737xx, 0<x<2950. Further, when the Ba/Eu value is between 2950 and 189,523, the Ba-Eu interference prediction model of y = 0.293982186 + 0.00000181729975 x x, 2950 < x < 189,523 yields the best result. Based on the optimal model, a threshold value of 363 is proposed; i.e., when the Ba/Eu value is less than 363, Ba interference with Eu can be neglected during Eu data interpretation. Comparison of this threshold value with a value proposed in earlier works reveals that the proposed prediction model better determines the threshold value for Ba interference with Eu.
Keywords: Europium
Polyatomic ion inference
Machine learning
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: Minerals 
EISSN: 2075-163X
DOI: 10.3390/min9050259
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Xu, N.; Li, Q. Threshold Value Determination Using Machine Learning Algorithms for Ba Interference with Eu in Coal and Coal Combustion Products by ICP-MS. Minerals 2019, 9, 259, 1-17 is available at
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