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Title: Embracing systematic futures thinking at the intersection of strategic planning, foresight and design
Authors: Bühring, JH 
Liedtka, J
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Journal of innovation management, 2018, v. 6, no. 3, p. 134-152
Abstract: In this conceptual paper, we review the literature spanning the Strategic Planning, Foresight and Design disciplines with the emphasis placed on how innovation stakeholders may engage with the future in order to explore the challenges to decision-making they highlight. From this review, and a series of facilitators identified by the authors in previous design and futures thinking field research, critical perspectives are presented that illustrate how systematic futures thinking can inform decision-makers concerning the innovation challenges and opportunities emerging over medium and longer-term (5-15 years) time horizons of social and technology environments. Combining Foresight and Design in an approach we call “Foresight by Design”, as part of Strategic Planning processes, can help the emergence of new and more creative possibilities, foster the inclusion and alignment of diverse stakeholders, and provide for ongoing learning through prototyping and experimentation by using design tools and approaches to achieve deeper insight and alignment around current reality, to facilitate a more productive conversation across difference, to aid in specifying a portfolio of desirable futures, and to engage ecosystem partners in active experimentation that generates new knowledge and learning.
Keywords: Innovation
Design thinking
Futures thinking
Publisher: Universidade do Porto * Faculdade de Engenharia
Journal: Journal of innovation management 
EISSN: 2183-0606
DOI: 10.24840/2183-0606_006.003_0006
Rights: The work that published in JIM is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License ( that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
The following article: Buehring, J. H., & Liedtka, J. (2018). Embracing systematic futures thinking at the intersection of Strategic Planning, Foresight and Design. Journal of Innovation Management, 6(3), 134-152. is available at ps://
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