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Title: Development of contextually-relevant sexuality education : lessons from a comprehensive review of adolescent sexuality education across cultures
Authors: Leung, H 
Shek, DTL 
Leung, E 
Shek, EYW 
Issue Date: 2-Feb-2019
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, 2 Feb. 2019, v. 16, no. 4, 621, p. 1-24
Abstract: As reported by the World Health Organization in 2017, there are 2 million+ young people living with HIV worldwide. The World Health Organization also reported that a third of all new HIV infections around the world are estimated to occur among youths (aged 15-25). and teen pregnancy rates are on the rise in many places. These worrying trends suggest that existing sexuality education programs and interventions may be inadequate and/or ineffective. Although the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development's (ICPD) Programme of Action highlighted the roles of Governments to offer sex education to young people to promote teenage reproductive health, yet inconsistency exists in the related initiatives in the global context. The present article aims to provide a comprehensive literature review of the existing sexuality programs in selected places in both English-speaking (i.e., the United States of America, the United Kingdom) and Chinese-speaking contexts (i.e., Hong Kong, Mainland China, and Taiwan). Based on the review, observations and implications for sexuality education policy and practice, as well as recommendations for future research for youths are outlined.
Keywords: Sex education
Sexual health
Sex and relationship education
Sexual wellbeing
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health 
ISSN: 1661-7827
EISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16040621
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Leung, H.; Shek, D.T.L.; Leung, E.; Shek, E.Y.W. Development of Contextually-relevant Sexuality Education: Lessons from a Comprehensive Review of Adolescent Sexuality Education Across Cultures. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 621, 24 pages is available at
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