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Title: Barriers to strategic design : a perspective from China
Authors: Liu, SX 
de Bont, C 
Issue Date: 2017
Source: She ji : the journal of design, economics, and innovation, 2017, v. 3, no. 2, p. 133-145
Abstract: Strategic design is a driver for innovation that can lead to sustainable competitive advantage. Over the past two decades, the barriers limiting breakthrough strategic design development have been studied in much detail. However, that research is based on well-developed practices in Europe, where strategic design and innovation capabilities have been nurtured for a long period. Barriers to the adoption of strategic design practices and leadership have seldom been studied in high growth economies in which design and innovation competencies are not yet mature. We examined design-led innovation cases from Chinese design clients and consultancies, and uncovered twelve barriers to strategic design practice and leadership in China. Six of these are similar to hindrances experienced elsewhere, and the other six are unique to this study. We found that in China, certain constraints limiting the adoption of strategic design in practice exist in the environment outside the firm. Based on these findings, we offer suggestions to stakeholders for overcoming the barriers to utilizing design at the strategic level.
Keywords: Breakthrough innovation
Design implementation
Design-led innovation
Strategic design
Publisher: Tongji University and Tongji University Press ; Elsevier B.V.
Journal: She ji : the journal of design, economics, and innovation 
ISSN: 2405-8726
DOI: 10.1016/j.sheji.2017.09.003
Rights: Copyright © 2017, Tongji University and Tongji University Press. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
The following publication Liu, S. X., & de Bont, C. (2017). Barriers to Strategic Design: A Perspective from China. She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation, 3(2), 133-145 is available at
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