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Title: Modified penicillin molecule with carbapenem- like stereochemistry specifically inhibits class C beta-lactamases
Authors: Pan, XH 
He, YJ 
Chen, TF
Chan, KF 
Zhao, YX 
Issue Date: Dec-2017
Source: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, Dec. 2017, v. 61, no. 12, e01288-17
Abstract: Bacterial beta-actamases readily inactivate most penicillins and cephalosporins by hydrolyzing and "opening" their signature beta-lactam ring. In contrast, carbapenems resist hydrolysis by many serine-based class A, C, and D beta-lactamases due to their unique stereochemical features. To improve the resistance profile of penicillins, we synthesized a modified penicillin molecule, MPC-1, by "grafting" carbapenem-like stereochemistry onto the penicillin core. Chemical modifications include the trans conformation of hydrogen atoms at C-5 and C-6 instead of cis, and a 6-alpha hydroxyethyl moiety to replace the original 6-beta aminoacyl group. MPC-1 selectively inhibits class C beta-lactamases, such as P99, by forming a nonhydrolyzable acyl adduct, and its inhibitory potency is similar to 2 to 5 times higher than that for clinically used beta-lactamase inhibitors clavulanate and sulbactam. The crystal structure of MPC-1 forming the acyl adduct with P99 reveals a novel binding mode for MPC-1 that resembles carbapenem bound in the active site of class A beta-lactamases. Furthermore, in this novel binding mode, the carboxyl group of MPC-1 blocks the deacylation reaction by occluding the critical catalytic water molecule and renders the acyl adduct nonhydrolyzable. Our results suggest that by incorporating carbapenem-like stereochemistry, the current collection of over 100 penicillins and cephalosporins can be modified into candidate compounds for development of novel beta-lactamase inhibitors.
Keywords: Beta-lactamase inhibitor
Class C beta-lactamase
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Journal: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy 
ISSN: 0066-4804
EISSN: 1098-6596
DOI: 10.1128/AAC.01288-17
Rights: © 2017 American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
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