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Title: Trail-based search for efficient event report to mobile actors in wireless sensor and actor networks
Authors: Xu, Z
Liu, G
Yan, H 
Cheng, B
Lin, F
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Sensors (Switzerland), 2017, v. 17, no. 11, 2468, p. 2
Abstract: In wireless sensor and actor networks, when an event is detected, the sensor node needs to transmit an event report to inform the actor. Since the actor moves in the network to execute missions, its location is always unavailable to the sensor nodes. A popular solution is the search strategy that can forward the data to a node without its location information. However, most existing works have not considered the mobility of the node, and thus generate significant energy consumption or transmission delay. In this paper, we propose the trail-based search (TS) strategy that takes advantage of actor’s mobility to improve the search efficiency. The main idea of TS is that, when the actor moves in the network, it can leave its trail composed of continuous footprints. The search packet with the event report is transmitted in the network to search the actor or its footprints. Once an effective footprint is discovered, the packet will be forwarded along the trail until it is received by the actor. Moreover, we derive the condition to guarantee the trail connectivity, and propose the redundancy reduction scheme based on TS (TS-R) to reduce nontrivial transmission redundancy that is generated by the trail. The theoretical and numerical analysis is provided to prove the efficiency of TS. Compared with the well-known expanding ring search (ERS), TS significantly reduces the energy consumption and search delay.
Keywords: Event report transmission
Mobility management
Trail-based search
Wireless sensor and actor networks
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: Sensors (Switzerland) 
ISSN: 1424-8220
DOI: 10.3390/s17112468
Rights: © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
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