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Title: A two-factor authentication system using radio frequency identification and watermarking technology
Authors: Ting, SL
Tsang, AHC
Issue Date: Apr-2013
Source: Computers in industry, Apr. 2013, v. 64, no. 3, p. 268-279
Abstract: Counterfeiting has been growing at an alarming rate worldwide. The increasing number of counterfeit products has penetrated into various industries, especially the luxury goods industry. Numerous anti-counterfeit and product authentication technologies are available to combat this problem. At present, the verification principle in product authentication mainly relies on optical detection and security feature identification which require human experts or machines to determine the product's genuineness. As a result, the current approach to product authentication presents formidable challenges to customers in determining the product's authenticity. Attempted to address the challenges, this paper proposes a Watermark-RFID based Self-validation System (WARDS) that provides a self-validation and two-factor authentication approach through integration of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and watermark technology by means of a mobile platform. The system architecture and a framework for development of WARDS are presented. Critical issues at different stages of constructing WARDS in organizations are identified. Furthermore, the capability, benefits and advantages of using the proposed system in combating counterfeiting problems are illustrated in the findings of a trial implementation presented in this paper.
Keywords: Anti-counterfeiting
Product authentication
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Computers in industry 
ISSN: 0166-3615
DOI: 10.1016/j.compind.2012.11.002
Rights: © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Computers in Industry. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Computers in Industry, [VOL 64, ISSUE 3, (April 2013)] DOI: 10.1016/j.compind.2012.11.002.
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